空间综合人文学与社会科学研究综述

Translated title of the contribution: A Review of Spatially Integrated Humanities and Social Sciences

Kun Qin, Hui Lin, Di Hu, Gang Xu, Xiaoxiang Zhang, Binbin Lu, Xinyue Ye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Humanities and social sciences are undergoing the transformation of quantification and spatialization. The Geographical Information Science (GIS), with powerful functions of spatial data management, spatial analysis and geo-visualization, has been widely used in humanities and social sciences in the era of big data, resulting in an emerging inter-disciplinary field that is Spatial Integrated Humanities and Social Sciences (SIHSS). SIHSS can provide new comprehensive solutions to practical problems that are difficult to solve in a single discipline. Since the first forum on spatially integrated humanities and social sciences was held at the Chinese University of Hong Kong in 2009, this new inter-discipline has developed vigorously and achieved significant progress. We comprehensively summarized the progress of this new field on the tenth forum, held at Wuhan University in 2019. GIS has been fully integrated with humanities and social sciences, including philosophy, history, literature, art, sociology, economics, politics, and management science. On the one hand, scholars and experts in the field of GIS are actively expanding their research fields to provide spatial and visualization technologies for scholars in fields of humanities and social sciences. On the other hand, scholars in fields of humanities and social sciences are actively learning GIS technologies and bringing spatial thinking into their research. Meanwhile, some open platforms, codes, and tools customized for scholars in fields of humanities and social sciences are constantly emerging. In this paper, based on a comprehensive summary of the recent progress of SIHSS, we first investigated the thought and framework of the research on SIHSS, and then introduced the progress in each detailed direction of SIHSS, including history integrated GIS, literature integrated GIS, linguistics integrated GIS, GIS and philosophy, human dynamics, human geography, politics GIS and, GIS and management science, spatial econometrics, geo-computation for social science, spatial social networks and spatial interaction networks, geography of crime, geography of public health, etc. We also summarized methodologies for the research on SIHSS, including spatial thinking, cognitive psychology and spatial cognition, spatial visualization and virtual geographic analysis, and GIS platform development, etc. Finally, we proposed research directions of SIHSS in the future, including further improving the research framework and developing new methods of SIHSS, combining perspectives of map, data, spatial analysis and visualization, developing online platforms and promoting open data and open source tools, further expanding the application of GIS in humanities and social sciences, and strengthening education and training on SIHSS. We conclude that GIS is about to play an increasingly important role in humanities and social sciences and SHISS will also achieve greater advancement and achievement.

Translated title of the contributionA Review of Spatially Integrated Humanities and Social Sciences
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)912-928
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Geo-Information Science
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 25 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computers in Earth Sciences
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Artificial Intelligence

Keywords

  • Geo-computation for social science
  • Spatial cognition
  • Spatial thinking
  • Spatial visualization
  • Spatially integrated humanities
  • Spatially Integrated Humanities and Social Sciences (SIHSS)
  • Spatially integrated social sciences
  • Spatiotemporal analysis

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