3D π-Conjugated Poly(amic) Acid Polymer as Support Matrices for Ethanol Electro-Oxidation on Palladium and Platinum Catalysts

Victor M. Kariuki, Jing Zhang, Magdalena Parlinska, Omowunmi A. Sadik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The search for new catalyst support matrices to replace the conventional carbon black support has been an important research field for decades. Aromatic conducting polymer (ACP)-based matrices have been found as prospective candidates. Poly(amic) acid (PAA) is one such polymer. We hereby present the catalytic activity and stability of electrodeposited palladium (PdNPs) and platinum (PtNPs) nanoparticles stabilized with PAA. We fabricated four electrodes: Pd/GCE, PAA/Pd/GCE, Pt/GCE, and PAA/Pt/GCE. Cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry were employed to assess the ethanol oxidation reaction using PAA as support matrix. PAA was used as support to enhance the stability of PdNPs and PtNPs in basic and acidic media, respectively. The synthesized PAA was characterized using NMR and FTIR. Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were used for nanoparticle characterization. Test results revealed that the presence of PAA layer on the catalysts leads to sluggish electron transfer kinetics as deduced from higher forward and reverse current densities (5 and 11 mA/cm 2 ) for PdNPs on glassy carbon (Pd/GCE) electrode compared to PAA-stabilized PdNPs (PAA/Pd/GCE) (0.6 and 1.2 mA/cm 2 ), respectively. A similar trend was reported for PtNPs. However, in presence of PAA, both PtNPs and PdNPs were observed to provide stability at up to 900 and 150 cycles, respectively. Chronoamperometric results reinforced the catalyst stabilization effect of the polymer, with findings revealing that the steady-state current density of PAA/Pd/GCE was ∼2.5 times higher than the bare Pd/GCE. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)317-325
Number of pages9
JournalElectrocatalysis
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrochemistry

Keywords

  • Catalyst stability
  • Electrodeposition
  • Ethanol oxidation reaction
  • Palladium nanoparticles
  • Platinum nanoparticles
  • Poly(amic) acid

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