3D Drone Base Station Placement and Resource Allocation with FSO-Based Backhaul in Hotspots

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39 Scopus citations


Deploying a Drone Base Station (DBS) over a hotspot area is a promising solution to improve the user Quality of Service (QoS) by helping the Macro Base Station (MBS) transmit traffic to the users. Essentially, the DBS, which works as a relay node between the users and the MBS, can increase the users' data rates by virtue of more likely short-distance Line of Sight (LoS) communication links. Furthermore, deploying DBS is more cost-effective and flexible as compared to deploying small cells. The DBS can employ Free Space Optical (FSO) links for backhauling between the DBS and the MBS. In this paper, we study the 3D deployment and resource allocation of a DBS in a given hotspot area with the objective of maximizing the throughput in the access link under the constraint of user QoS, the capacity of the backhaul link, and total available bandwidth and power. To solve the problem, we first decompose the primal problem into two subproblems, i.e., the 3D DBS placement problem and the resource allocation problem. Second, we propose a cyclic iterative algorithm to solve the two sub-problems separately and use the output of one as the input of the other. The performance of the algorithm is demonstrated via extensive simulations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8957249
Pages (from-to)3322-3329
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Automotive Engineering


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