3D MHD Modeling of the Impact of Subsurface Stratification on the Solar Dynamo

Andrey M. Stejko, Gustavo Guerrero, Alexander G. Kosovichev, Piotr K. Smolarkiewicz

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3 Scopus citations


Various models of solar subsurface stratification are tested in the global EULAG-MHD solver to simulate diverse regimes of near-surface convective transport. Sub- A nd superadiabacity are altered at the surface of the model (r > 0.95R o) to either suppress or enhance convective flow speeds in an effort to investigate the impact of the near-surface layer on global dynamics. A major consequence of increasing surface convection rates appears to be a significant alteration of the distribution of angular momentum, especially below the tachocline where the rotational frequency predominantly increases at higher latitudes. These hydrodynamic changes correspond to large shifts in the development of the current helicity in this stable layer (r < 0.72R o), significantly altering its impact on the generation of poloidal and toroidal fields at the tachocline and below, acting as a major contributor toward transitions in the dynamo cycle. The enhanced near-surface flow speed manifests in a global shift of the toroidal field (B φ) in the butterfly diagram, from a north-south symmetric pattern to a staggered antisymmetric emergence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number16
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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