A blind audio watermarking algorithm with self-synchronization

Jiwu Huang, Yong Wang, Yun Q. Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

99 Scopus citations


A blind audio information bit hiding algorithm with effective synchronization is proposed in this paper. The algorithm embeds synchronization signals in the time domain to resist the attacks such as cropping while keeping the computation for resynchronization being lower. The watermark is placed in blockwise DCT coefficients of the original audio exploiting the HAS (Human Audio System) features. To lower the bit error rate of the watermark in extraction, error-correlating coding is applied. The experimental results show that the hidden imperceptible watermark is robust to the attacks caused by additive noise, MP3 coding, and cropping.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)627-630
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings - IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems
StatePublished - 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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