A concise treatise on model-based enhancements of cohesive powder properties via dry particle coating

Rajesh Davé, Sangah Kim, Kuriakose Kunnath, Siddharth Tripathi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


This paper presents a review of our key advances in model-guided dry coating-based enhancements of poor flow and packing of fine cohesive powders. The existing van der Waals force-based particle-contact models are reviewed to elucidate the main mechanism of flow enhancement through silica dry coating. Our multi-asperity model explains the effect of the amount of silica, insufficient flowability enhancements through conventional blending, and the predominant effect of particle surface roughness on cohesion reduction. Models are presented for the determination of the amount and type of guest particles, and estimation of the granular Bond number, used for cohesion nondimensionalization, based on particle size, particle density, asperity size, surface area coverage, and dispersive surface energy. Selection of the processing conditions for LabRAM, a benchmarking device, is presented followed by key examples of enhancements of flow, packing, agglomeration, and dissolution through the dry coating. Powder agglomeration is shown as a screening indicator of powder flowability. The mixing synergy is identified as a cause for enhanced blend flowability with a minor dry coated constituent at silica < 0.01%. The analysis and outcomes presented in this paper are intended to demonstrate the importance of dry coating as an essential tool for industry practitioners.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103836
JournalAdvanced Powder Technology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials


  • Cohesive powder property enhancements
  • Dry coating
  • Particle contact models
  • Pharmaceutical blends
  • van der Waals forces


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