A Deep Learning Model for Transportation Mode Detection Based on Smartphone Sensing Data

Xiaoyuan Liang, Yuchuan Zhang, Guiling Wang, Songhua Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Understanding people's transportation modes is beneficial for empowering many intelligent transportation systems, such as supporting urban transportation planning. Yet, current methodologies in collecting travelers' transportation modes are costly and inaccurate. Fortunately, the increasing sensing and computing capabilities of smartphones and their high penetration rate offer a promising approach to automatic transportation mode detection via mobile computation. This paper introduces a light-weighted and energy-efficient transportation mode detection system using only accelerometer sensors in smartphones. The system collects accelerometer data in an efficient way and leverages a deep learning model to determine transportation modes. Different architectures and classification methods are tested with the proposed deep learning model to optimize the system design. Performance evaluation shows that the proposed new approach achieves a better accuracy than existing work in detecting people's transportation modes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8913719
Pages (from-to)5223-5235
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


  • Transportation mode
  • accelerometer
  • deep learning
  • smartphone


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