A graph-based object description for information retrieval in digital image and video libraries

I. Burak Özer, Wayne Wolf, Ali N. Akansu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


This work focuses on the search of a sample object (car) in video sequences and images based on shape similarity. We form a new description for cars, using relational graphs in order to annotate the images where the object of interest (OOI) is present. Query by text can be performed afterward to extract images of OOI from an automatically preprocessed database. The performance of the general retrieval systems is not satisfactory due to the gap between high level concepts and low level features. In this study we successfully fulfill this gap by using the graph-based description scheme which provides an efficient way to obtain high-level semantics from low-level features. We investigate the full potential of the shape matching method based on relational graph of objects with respect to its accuracy, efficiency, and scalability. We use hierarchical segmentation that increases the accuracy of the detection of the object in the transformed and occluded images. Many shape-based similarity retrieval methods perform well if the initial segmentation is adequate; however, in most cases segmentation without a priori information or user interference yields unsuccessful object extraction results. Compared to other methods, the major advantage of the proposed method is its ability to create semantic segments automatically from the combination of low level edge- or region-based segments using model-based segmentation. It is shown that a graph-based description of the complex objects with model-based segmentation is a powerful scheme for automatic annotation of images and videos.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)425-459
Number of pages35
JournalJournal of Visual Communication and Image Representation
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Media Technology
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Graph matching
  • Hierarchical car model
  • Model-based segmentation
  • Object retrieval


Dive into the research topics of 'A graph-based object description for information retrieval in digital image and video libraries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this