A higher-order internal wave model accounting for large bathymetric variations

Ailín Ruiz De Zárate, Daniel G.Alfaro Vigo, André Nachbin, Wooyoung Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


A higher-order strongly nonlinear model is derived to describe the evolution of large amplitude internal waves over arbitrary bathymetric variations in a two-layer system where the upper layer is shallow while the lower layer is comparable to the characteristic wavelength. The new system of nonlinear evolution equations with variable coefficients is a generalization of the deep configuration model proposed by Choi and Camassa [1] and accounts for both a higher-order approximation to pressure coupling between the two layers and the effects of rapidly varying bottom variation. Motivated by the work of Rosales and Papanicolaou [2], an averaging technique is applied to the system for weakly nonlinear long internal waves propagating over periodic bottom topography. It is shown that the system reduces to an effective Intermediate Long Wave (ILW) equation, in contrast to the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation derived for the surface wave case.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-294
Number of pages20
JournalStudies in Applied Mathematics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Mathematics


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