A Hybrid Fingerprint Quality Evaluation Model for WiFi Localization

Lin Li, Xiansheng Guo, Nirwan Ansari, Huiyong Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


The main drawback for large-scale applications of WiFi-based localization is the varying characteristics of received signal strength (RSS), which degenerates the localization performance seriously. To mitigate the variation problem, we propose a hybrid fingerprint quality evaluation model (HFQuM) for accurate WiFi localization. HFQuM can intelligently determine the location of a user by evaluating the hybrid fingerprint quality in different subareas, that is a high fingerprint quality indicates that the frequently occurred location label is more likely to be true. To achieve this, in the offline phase, instead of only collecting RSS fingerprints, we construct a WiFi-based group of fingerprints (GOOFs) consisting of RSS, signal strength difference (SSD), and hyperbolic location fingerprint (HLF). Given an RSS testing sample of a user at an unknown location in the online phase, we first construct the multiple supporting sets (MSSs), including a sample space and a label space, selected by the similarity between the online sample and the GOOF. Based on the MSS, HFQuM is able to estimate the user's location as well as subareas and their hybrid fingerprint quality simultaneously by jointly modeling the process of generating the sample space and label space. To further reduce the computational complexity, HFQuM employs an access point (AP) selection algorithm to exclude redundancy APs. Experimental results in a typical library environment verify the superiority of HFQuM in terms of localization accuracy as compared with other existing fingerprint-based methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8784202
Pages (from-to)9829-9840
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


  • Evaluation model
  • WiFi fingerprint
  • group of fingerprints (GOOFs)
  • indoor localization
  • multiple supporting sets (MSSs)


Dive into the research topics of 'A Hybrid Fingerprint Quality Evaluation Model for WiFi Localization'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this