A Kinetic Study of Free-Radical Styrene-Acrylonitrile Copolymerization by Differential Scanning Calorimeter

D. H. Sebastian, J. A. Biesenberger

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11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The isothermal free-radical copolymerization of styrene and acrylonitrile was examined in the temperature range of 333-373 K. Initial rate studies of styrene homopolymerization were conducted and agreed favorably with values in the literature. Initial rate studies for acrylonitr e solution polymerization in DMF were also performed. Initiator decomposition rate constants measured in the presence of AN and styrene monomer are reported for AIBN, BP, and DTBP. Rate functions for the full spectrum of comonomer compositions initiated by AIBN and benzoyl peroxide are reported. Several copolymerization kinetic models were tested and found to be inadequate. Conversion histories were found to be consistent with observed initial rates and follow a simple pseudohomopolymerization kinetic model. Autoacceleration was observed and found to increase in severity with increased AN feed compositions and decreased reaction temperatures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)553-584
Number of pages32
JournalJournal of Macromolecular Science: Part A - Chemistry
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1981

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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