A new bag of words LBP (BoWL) descriptor for scene image classification

Sugata Banerji, Atreyee Sinha, Chengjun Liu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

23 Scopus citations


This paper explores a new Local Binary Patterns (LBP) based image descriptor that makes use of the bag-of-words model to significantly improve classification performance for scene images. Specifically, first, a novel multi-neighborhood LBP is introduced for small image patches. Second, this multi-neighborhood LBP is combined with frequency domain smoothing to extract features from an image. Third, the features extracted are used with spatial pyramid matching (SPM) and bag-of-words representation to propose an innovative Bag of Words LBP (BoWL) descriptor. Next, a comparative assessment is done of the proposed BoWL descriptor and the conventional LBP descriptor for scene image classification using a Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier. Further, the classification performance of the new BoWL descriptor is compared with the performance achieved by other researchers in recent years using some popular methods. Experiments with three fairly challenging publicly available image datasets show that the proposed BoWL descriptor not only yields significantly higher classification performance than LBP, but also generates results better than or at par with some other popular image descriptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationComputer Analysis of Images and Patterns - 15th International Conference, CAIP 2013, Proceedings
Number of pages8
EditionPART 1
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event15th International Conference on Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns, CAIP 2013 - York, United Kingdom
Duration: Aug 27 2013Aug 29 2013

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
NumberPART 1
Volume8047 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Other15th International Conference on Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns, CAIP 2013
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science


  • Bag of Words
  • BoWL descriptor
  • LBP
  • Scene Image Classification
  • Spatial Pyramid


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