A new liquid membrane separation technique for gas mixtures has been developed: feed and sweep gases flow through the lumen of two different sets of hydrophobic microporous hollow fibers while a liquid on the shell side acts as the membrane. This membrane is identified as the contained liquid membrane (CLM). Major shortcomings of immobilized liquid membrane techniques are eliminated. The novel separation device is identified as the hollow fiber contained liquid membrane (HFCLM) permeator. Experimental studies are made with different CO2‐N2 feed mixtures and a pure helium sweep stream, with special emphasis on model landfill gas purification. Either pure water or an aqueous solution of K2CO3 is used as membrane. The effects of several variables on the performance of the HFCLM permeator have been studied. A three‐component permeation model, incorporating axial pressure drop, is developed for binary mixture separation in a HFCLM permeator having a sweep gas stream. The experimental data show good agreement with the theoretical predictions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Chemical Engineering(all)