A New Morphological Notation for the Music of Humpback Whales

David Rothenberg, Michael Deal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The humpback whale sings a song that defies easy characterization and human perception. This paper attempts to develop a new form a visual notation for this song which enables humans to better perceive its musicality, tonality and morphology, combining elements of sonographic and musical notations. The beauty of the humpback whale song is considered as to whether it is an inherent characteristic or a human projection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)347-358
Number of pages12
JournalArt and Perception
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts


  • Humpback whale
  • aesthetic selection
  • animal music
  • musical morphology
  • spectrographic analysis
  • visualization


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