A novel weber local binary descriptor for fingerprint liveness detection

Zhihua Xia, Chengsheng Yuan, Rui Lv, Xingming Sun, Neal N. Xiong, Yun Qing Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


In recent years, fingerprint authentication systems have been extensively deployed in various applications, including attendance systems, authentications on smartphones, mobile payment authorizations, as well as various safety certifications. However, similar to the other biometric identification technologies, fingerprint recognition is vulnerable to artificial replicas made from cheap materials, such as silicon, gelatin, etc. Thus, it is especially necessary to distinguish whether a given fingerprint is a live or a spoof one prior to such authentication. In order to solve the problems above, a novel local descriptor named Weber local binary descriptor for fingerprint liveness detection (FLD) has been proposed in this paper. The method consists of two components: The local binary differential excitation component that extracts intensity-variance features and the local binary gradient orientation component that extracts orientation features. The co-occurrence probability of the two components is calculated to construct a discriminative feature vector, which is fed into support vector machine (SVM) classifiers. The effectiveness of the proposed method is intuitively analyzed on the image samples and numerically demonstrated by Mahalanobis distance. Experiments are performed on two public databases from FLD competitions from 2011 and 2013. The results have proved that the proposed method obtains the best detection accuracy among the existing image local descriptors in FLD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8506619
Pages (from-to)1526-1536
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Biometrics
  • Weber's law
  • digital forensics
  • fingerprint liveness detection (FLD)
  • local binary pattern (LBP)


Dive into the research topics of 'A novel weber local binary descriptor for fingerprint liveness detection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this