A Review of PFAS Destruction Technologies

Jay N. Meegoda, Bruno Bezerra de Souza, Melissa Monteiro Casarini, Jitendra A. Kewalramani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are a family of highly toxic emerging contaminants that have caught the attention of both the public and private sectors due to their adverse health impacts on society. The scientific community has been laboriously working on two fronts: (1) adapting already existing and effective technologies in destroying organic contaminants for PFAS remediation and (2) developing new technologies to remediate PFAS. A common characteristic in both areas is the separation/removal of PFASs from other contaminants or media, followed by destruction. The widely adopted separation technologies can remove PFASs from being in contact with humans; however, they remain in the environment and continue to pose health risks. On the other hand, the destructive technologies discussed here can effectively destroy PFAS compounds and fully address society’s urgent need to remediate this harmful family of chemical compounds. This review reports and compare widely accepted as well as emerging PFAS destruction technologies. Some of the technologies presented in this review are still under development at the lab scale, while others have already been tested in the field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number16397
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume19
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Keywords

  • destruction technologies
  • per- and polyfluoroalkyl generated from ion exchange resin
  • per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances
  • separation technologies

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