A review of resting-state fMRI and its use to examine psychiatric disorders

Edgar Canario, Donna Chen, Bharat Biswal

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations


Resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI) has emerged as an alternative method to study brain function in human and animal models. In humans, it has been widely used to study psychiatric disorders including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, autism spectrum disorders, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorders. In this review, rs-fMRI and its advantages over task based fMRI, its currently used analysis methods, and its application in psychiatric disorders using different analysis methods are discussed. Finally, several limitations and challenges of rs-fMRI applications are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-53
Number of pages12
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)


  • connectivity
  • fMRI
  • resting state


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