A review on non-pgm cathode catalysts for polymer electrolyte membrane (pem) fuel cell

Shiqiang Zhuang, Xuan Shi, Eon Soo Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In recent years, people attach high attention to the energy problem owing to the energy shortage of the world. Since the price of energy resources significantly increases, it is a necessary requirement to develop new alternative sources of energy to replace non-renewable energy resources. Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell technology is one of the promising fields of clean and sustainable power, which is based on direct conversion of fuel into electricity. However, at the present moment PEM fuel cell is unable to be successful commercialization. The main factor is the high cost of materials in catalyst layer which is a core part of PEM fuel cell. In order to reduce the overall system cost, developing active, inexpensive non-platinum group metal (non-PGM) electrode catalysts to replace currently used Platinum (Pt)- based catalysts is a necessary and essential requirement. This paper reviews several important kinds of non-PGM electrocatalysts with different elements, such as nitrogen, transition metal, and metal organic frameworks (MOF). Among these catalysts, transition metal nitrogen-containing complexes supported on carbon materials (M-N/C) are considered the most potential oxidation reduction reaction (ORR) catalysts. The main synthetic methods are high temperature heat treating (800-1000?). The mechanical and electrochemical properties of the final product will be analyzed by several characterization methods. For example, a RRDE test will be used to measure electron transfer number and ORR reactivity, which are the most important electrochemical properties of the new catalyst. And the morphology, particle size, crystal phase and specific surface area can be analyzed with SEM, TEM, XRD and BET methods. Although great improvement has been achieved in non-PGM catalyst area of research, there are still some challenges in both ORR activity and stability of non-PGM catalysts. Consequently, how to improve the ORR activity and stability are the major challenge of non-PGM catalyst research and development. Based on the results achieved in this area, our future research direction is also presented and discussed in this paper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 Power Conference, the ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)9780791856611
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
EventASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 Power Conference, the ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum - San Diego, United States
Duration: Jun 28 2015Jul 2 2015

Publication series

NameASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 Power Conference, the ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum

Other

OtherASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 Power Conference, the ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period6/28/157/2/15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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