A semi-fragile lossless digital watermarking scheme based on integer wavelet transform

Dekun Zou, Yun Q. Shi, Zhicheng Ni, Wei Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

112 Scopus citations


In this paper, a new semi-fragile lossless digital water-marking scheme based on integer wavelet transform is presented. The wavelet family applied is the 5/3 filter bank which serves as the default transformation in the JPEG2000 standard for image lossless compression. As a result, the proposed scheme can be integrated into the JPEG2000 standard smoothly. Different from the only existing semi-fragile lossless watermarking scheme which uses modulo-256 addition, this method takes special measures to prevent overflow/underflow and hence does not suffer from annoying salt-and-pepper noise. The original cover image can be losslessly recovered if the stego-image has not been altered. Furthermore, the hidden data can be retrieved even after incidental alterations including image compression have been applied to the stego-image.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1294-1300
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Media Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Digital watermark
  • Integer wavelet transform


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