Sorbent particles consisting of nano and micro silica, and micron size octadecylsilica (ODS) were immobilized using sol-gel chemistry onto poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) microfluidic channels to serve as μ-chip solid phase extraction (SPE) devices. Extraction, preconcentration and purification of biological and chemical analytes were carried out using these. Micro and nano scale silica-immobilized μ-SPE were used for the extraction/purification of DNA from recombinant Escherichia coli crude lysate. The average DNA recovery was 77 ± 9% (X ± R.S.D.) for the micron size silica particles and 70 ± 5% (X ± R.S.D.) for the nano silica particles. The extracted DNA could be amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) whereas the DNA from the crude lysate solution could not be. This was a testimony to the purification capability of the μ-SPE device. ODS immobilized μ-SPE were used to study the extraction efficiency (EE) and enhancement factor (EF) for three groups of organic compounds, aromatics, phenols and carboxylic acids. They showed poor recovery and low enrichment because the analytes sorbed into the PDMS and were not quantitatively extracted.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Environmental Chemistry
- Poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS)
- Solid phase extraction (SPE)