A Stabilized Separation of Variables Method for the Modified Biharmonic Equation

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The modified biharmonic equation is encountered in a variety of application areas, including streamfunction formulations of the Navier–Stokes equations. We develop a separation of variables representation for this equation in polar coordinates, for either the interior or exterior of a disk, and derive a new class of special functions which makes the approach stable. We discuss how these functions can be used in conjunction with fast algorithms to accelerate the solution of the modified biharmonic equation or the “bi-Helmholtz” equation in more complex geometries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1674-1697
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Scientific Computing
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Numerical Analysis
  • General Engineering
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


  • Fast multipole method
  • Integral equation
  • Modified biharmonic equation
  • Separation of variables
  • Special functions


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