A structural change in Ca 3Co 4O 9 associated with enhanced thermoelectric properties

Tao Wu, Trevor A. Tyson, Haiyan Chen, Jianming Bai, Hsin Wang, Cherno Jaye

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33 Scopus citations


Temperature dependent electrical resistivity, crystal structure and heat capacity measurements reveal a resistivity drop and electrical transport behavior change corresponding to a structural change near 400K in Ca 3Co 4O 9. The lattice parameter c varies smoothly with increasing temperature while anomalies in a, b 1 and b 2 lattice parameters occur near 400K. The Ca site in the Ca 2CoO 3 block becomes distorted and a change in electrical transport behavior is found above 400K. Resistivity and heat capacity measurements as a function of temperature under magnetic field combined with CoL-edge x-ray absorption spectra reveal only a weak spin contribution to this change. Reduced resistivity associated with the structural change enhances the thermoelectric properties at moderately high temperatures and points to the electrical transport behavior change as a mechanism for improved ZT in this thermoelectric oxide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number455602
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Issue number45
StatePublished - Nov 14 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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