A study on embedding efficiency of matrix encoding

Lifang Yu, Yun Q. Shi, Yao Zhao, Rongrong Ni

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


In this paper, the authors examine embedding efficiency, which influences the most concerned performance of steganography, security, directly. Embedding efficiency is defined as the number of random message bits embedded per embedding change. Recently, matrix embedding has gained extensive attention because of its outstanding performance in boosting steganographic schemes' embedding efficiency. Firstly, the authors evaluate embedding change not only on the number of changed coefficients but also on the varying magnitude of changed coefficients. Secondly, embedding efficiency of matrix embedding with different radixes is formularized and investigated. A conclusion is drawn that ternary matrix embedding can achieve the highest embedding efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEmerging Digital Forensics Applications for Crime Detection, Prevention, and Security
PublisherIGI Global
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781466640078
ISBN (Print)1466640065, 9781466640061
StatePublished - May 31 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Social Sciences
  • General Engineering


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