In this paper we examine the validity of nonparametric spatial bootstrap as a procedure to quantify errors in estimates of N-point correlation functions. We do this by means of a small simulation study with simple point process models and estimating the two-point correlation functions and their errors. The coverage of confidence intervals obtained using bootstrap is compared with those obtained from assuming Poisson errors. The bootstrap procedure considered here is adapted for use with spatial (i.e., dependent) data. In particular, we describe a marked point bootstrap where, instead of resampling points or blocks of points, we resample marks assigned to the data points. These marks are numerical values that are based on the statistic of interest. We describe how the marks are defined for the two- and three-point correlation functions. By resampling marks, the bootstrap samples retain more of the dependence structure present in the data. Furthermore, this method of bootstrap can be performed much quicker than some other bootstrap methods for spatial data, making it a more practical method with large data sets. We find that with clustered point data sets, confidence intervals obtained using the marked point bootstrap has empirical coverage closer to the nominal level than the confidence intervals obtained using Poisson errors. The bootstrap errors were also found to be closer to the true errors for the clustered point data sets.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science
- Methods: statistical