A viscoelastic constitutive model can accurately represent entire creep indentation tests of human patella cartilage

Kathryn E. Keenan, Saikat Pal, Derek P. Lindsey, Thor F. Besier, Gary S. Beaupre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cartilage material properties provide important insights into joint health, and cartilage material models are used in whole-joint finite element models. Although the biphasic model representing experimental creep indentation tests is commonly used to characterize cartilage, cartilage short-term response to loading is generally not characterized using the biphasic model. The purpose of this study was to determine the short-term and equilibrium material properties of human patella cartilage using a viscoelastic model representation of creep indentation tests. We performed 24 experimental creep indentation tests from 14 human patellar specimens ranging in age from 20 to 90 years (median age 61 years). We used a finite element model to reproduce the experimental tests and determined cartilage material properties from viscoelastic and biphasic representations of cartilage. The viscoelastic model consistently provided excellent representation of the short-term and equilibrium creep displacements. We determined initial elastic modulus, equilibrium elastic modulus, and equilibrium Poisson's ratio using the viscoelastic model. The viscoelastic model can represent the short-term and equilibrium response of cartilage and may easily be implemented in whole-joint finite element models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)292-302
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Applied Biomechanics
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation

Keywords

  • Biphasic
  • Cartilage
  • Finite element model
  • Modeling
  • Poroelastic

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