A Weighted Fidelity and Regularization-Based Method for Mixed or Unknown Noise Removal from Images on Graphs

Cong Wang, Ziyue Yan, Witold Pedrycz, Meng Chu Zhou, Zhiwu Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Image denoising technologies in a Euclidean domain have achieved good results and are becoming mature. However, in recent years, many real-world applications encountered in computer vision and geometric modeling involve image data defined in irregular domains modeled by huge graphs, which results in the problem on how to solve image denoising problems defined on graphs. In this paper, we propose a novel model for removing mixed or unknown noise in images on graphs. The objective is to minimize the sum of a weighted fidelity term and a sparse regularization term that additionally utilizes wavelet frame transform on graphs to retain feature details of images defined on graphs. Specifically, the weighted fidelity term with ℓ1 -norm and ℓ2-norm is designed based on a analysis of the distribution of mixed noise. The augmented Lagrangian and accelerated proximal gradient methods are employed to achieve the optimal solution to the problem. Finally, some supporting numerical results and comparative analyses with other denoising algorithms are provided. It is noted that we investigate image denoising with unknown noise or a wide range of mixed noise, especially the mixture of Poisson, Gaussian, and impulse noise. Experimental results reported for synthetic and real images on graphs demonstrate that the proposed method is effective and efficient, and exhibits better performance for the removal of mixed or unknown noise in images on graphs than other denoising algorithms in the literature. The method can effectively remove mixed or unknown noise and retain feature details of images on graphs. It delivers a new avenue for denoising images in irregular domains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9011745
Pages (from-to)5229-5243
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
StatePublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


  • Tight wavelet frame
  • image denoising
  • image on graph
  • mixed or unknown noise
  • variational model


Dive into the research topics of 'A Weighted Fidelity and Regularization-Based Method for Mixed or Unknown Noise Removal from Images on Graphs'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this