Ab initio determination of a simultaneous dual-ion charging mechanism for Ni0.25Mn0.75O2 through redox reactions of Ni2+/Ni4+ and O2−/O

Robert Shepard, Scott Brennan, Taylor R. Juran, Joshua Young, Manuel Smeu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Over recent years, great efforts have been made to push the limits of layered transition metal oxides for secondary battery cathodes. This is particularly true for overall capacity, which has reached a terminal theoretical value for many materials. One avenue for increasing this capacity during charging is the intercalation of anions post cation deintercalation. This work investigates the charging mechanism of the P3-Na0.5Ni0.25Mn0.75O2 cathode material through cation (Na) deintercalation and anion (ClO4) intercalation by means of density functional theory. The calculations corroborate experimental findings of increased capacity (135 mA h g−1 to 180 mA h g−1) through the intercalation of anions. However, this work demonstrates that a process of simultaneous cation deintercalation/anion intercalation is the primary charging mechanism, with charge compensation reactions of Ni2+/Ni4+ and O2−/O occurring within the cathode material. To elucidate this simultaneous process, a novel method for computationally determining anion voltage in which one must consider full electrolyte interactions is proposed. Based on the results, it is believed that a simultaneous cation deintercalation/anion intercalation mechanism provides one potential avenue for the discovery of the next generation of secondary batteries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18916-18927
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume10
Issue number36
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 27 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Ab initio determination of a simultaneous dual-ion charging mechanism for Ni0.25Mn0.75O2 through redox reactions of Ni2+/Ni4+ and O2−/O'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this