Absolute Quantitation of Tryptophan-Containing Peptides and Amyloid β-Peptide Fragments by Coulometric Mass Spectrometry

Yongling Ai, Pengyi Zhao, Praneeth Ivan Joel Fnu, Hao Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Isotope-labeled internal standards are routinely used for mass spectrometry (MS)-based absolute quantitation. However, syntheses of isotope-labeled peptides are time-consuming and costly. To tackle this issue, we recently developed a coulometric mass spectrometric (CMS) approach for absolute quantitation without the use of standards, based on the electrochemical oxidation of cysteine or tyrosine-containing peptides followed by mass spectrometric measurement of the oxidation yield. To further expand the utility of this method, herein we present the CMS method for absolute quantitation of peptides based on tryptophan electrochemical oxidation. Several tryptophan-containing peptides, such as WGG, WQPPRARI, WAGGDASGE, RTRPLWVRME, and KVPRNQDWL, were successfully quantified with a quantification error ranging from-4.5 to +4.3%. Furthermore, this quantitation approach is also applicable to protein, in which protein can be digested and a surrogate peptide can be selected for quantification to reflect the amount of the parent protein, as exemplified by CMS analysis of peptide GITWK from cytochrome c. The CMS result agreed well with the traditional isotope dilution method, with only a small difference of 3.5%. In addition, CMS was used to successfully quantify amyloid beta (Aβ) peptide fragments (up to 28 amino acid residues) based on tyrosine oxidation. The validity of the CMS method for peptide and protein absolute quantitation without using isotope-labeled peptide standards would greatly facilitate proteomics research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1771-1779
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Volume32
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 7 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Structural Biology
  • Spectroscopy

Keywords

  • absolute quantitation
  • coulometry
  • mass spectrometry
  • proteomics
  • tryptophan oxidation

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