Accelerating Shapley Explanation via Contributive Cooperator Selection

Guanchu Wang, Yu Neng Chuang, Mengnan Du, Fan Yang, Quan Zhou, Pushkar Tripathi, Xuanting Cai, Xia Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Even though Shapley value provides an effective explanation for a DNN model prediction, the computation relies on the enumeration of all possible input feature coalitions, which leads to the exponentially growing complexity. To address this problem, we propose a novel method SHEAR to significantly accelerate the Shapley explanation for DNN models, where only a few coalitions of input features are involved in the computation. The selection of the feature coalitions follows our proposed Shapley chain rule to minimize the absolute error from the ground-truth Shapley values, such that the computation can be both efficient and accurate. To demonstrate the effectiveness, we comprehensively evaluate SHEAR across multiple metrics including the absolute error from the ground-truth Shapley value, the faithfulness of the explanations, and running speed. The experimental results indicate SHEAR consistently outperforms state-of-the-art baseline methods across different evaluation metrics, which demonstrates its potentials in real-world applications where the computational resource is limited. The source code is available at

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22576-22590
Number of pages15
JournalProceedings of Machine Learning Research
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes
Event39th International Conference on Machine Learning, ICML 2022 - Baltimore, United States
Duration: Jul 17 2022Jul 23 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Software
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Statistics and Probability


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