Active C4 electrodes for local field potential recording applications

Lu Wang, David Freedman, Mesut Sahin, M. Selim Ünlü, Ronald Knepper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Extracellular neural recording, with multi-electrode arrays (MEAs), is a powerful method used to study neural function at the network level. However, in a high density array, it can be costly and time consuming to integrate the active circuit with the expensive electrodes. In this paper, we present a 4 mm × 4 mm neural recording integrated circuit (IC) chip, utilizing IBM C4 bumps as recording electrodes, which enable a seamless active chip and electrode integration. The IC chip was designed and fabricated in a 0.13 µm BiCMOS process for both in vitro and in vivo applications. It has an input-referred noise of 4.6 µVrms for the bandwidth of 10 Hz to 10 kHz and a power dissipation of 11.25 mW at 2.5 V, or 43.9 µW per input channel. This prototype is scalable for implementing larger number and higher density electrode arrays. To validate the functionality of the chip, electrical testing results and acute in vivo recordings from a rat barrel cortex are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 4 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Instrumentation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Biochemistry


  • 3D electrodes
  • C4
  • CMOS
  • Extracellular
  • In vitro
  • In vivo
  • MEA
  • Neural sensors


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