Active region coronal rain event observed by the fast imaging solar spectrograph on the NST

Kwangsu Ahn, Jongchul Chae, Kyung Suk Cho, Donguk Song, Heesu Yang, Philip R. Goode, Wenda Cao, Hyungmin Park, Jakyung Nah, Bi Ho Jang, Young Deuk Park

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27 Scopus citations


The Fast Imaging Solar Spectrograph (FISS) is being operated on the New Solar Telescope of the Big Bear Solar Observatory. It simultaneously records spectra of Hαand CaII8542 Å lines, and this dual-spectra measurement provides an estimate of the temperature and nonthermal speed components. We observed a loop structure in AR 11305 using the FISS, SDO/AIA, and STEREO/EUVI in 304 Å, and found plasma material falling along the loop from a coronal height into the umbra of a sunspot, which accelerated up to 80 km s−1. We also observed C2 and C7 flare events near the loop. The temperature of the downflows was in the range of 10 000 – 33 000 K, increasing toward the umbra. The temperature of the flow varied with time, and the temperature near the footpoint rose immediately after the C7 flare, but the temperature toward the umbra remained the same. There seemed to be a temporal correlation between the amount of downflow material and the observed C-class flares. The downflows decreased gradually soon after the flares and then increased after a few hours. These high-speed red-shift events occurred continuously during the observations. The flows observed on-disk in Hαand CaII 8542 Å appeared as fragmented, fuzzy condensed material falling from the coronal heights when seen off-limb with STEREO/EUVI at 304 Å.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA007
Pages (from-to)4117-4136
Number of pages20
JournalSolar Physics
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jul 3 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • Active regions
  • Chromosphere
  • Coronal rain
  • Spectroscopic observations


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