Adaptive robust control of linear motors with dynamic friction compensation using modified LuGre model

Lu Lu, Bin Yao, Qingfeng Wang, Zheng Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

177 Scopus citations


LuGre model has been widely used in dynamic friction modeling and compensation. However, there are some practical difficulties when applying it to systems experiencing large range of motion speeds such as, the linear motor drive system studied in the article. This article first details the digital implementation problems of the LuGre model based dynamic friction compensation. A modified model is then presented to overcome those shortcomings. The proposed model is equivalent to LuGre model at low speed, and the static friction model at high speed, with a continuous transition between them. A discontinuous projection based adaptive robust controller (ARC) is then constructed, which explicitly incorporates the proposed modified dynamic friction model for a better friction compensation. Nonlinear observers are built to estimate the unmeasurable internal state of the dynamic friction model. On-line parameter adaptation is utilized to reduce the effect of various parametric uncertainties, while certain robust control laws are synthesized to effectively handle various modeling uncertainties for a guaranteed robust performance. The proposed controller is also implemented on a linear motor driven industrial gantry system, along with controllers with the traditional static friction compensation and LuGre model compensation. Extensive comparative experimental results have been obtained, revealing the instability when using the traditional LuGre model for dynamic friction compensation at high speed experiments and the improved tracking accuracy when using the proposed modified dynamic friction model. The results validate the effectiveness of the proposed approach in practical applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2890-2896
Number of pages7
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2009
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Adaptive robust control
  • Dynamic friction
  • Linear motor
  • LuGre model
  • Motion control


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