Additive manufacturing of sensors for military monitoring applications

David T. Bird, Nuggehalli M. Ravindra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The US Department of Defense (DoD) realizes the many uses of additive manufacturing (AM) as it has become a common fabrication technique for an extensive range of engineering components in several industrial sectors. 3D Printed (3DP) sensor technology offers high-performance features as a way to track individual warfighters on the battlefield, offering protection from threats such as weaponized toxins, bacteria or virus, with real-time monitoring of physiological events, advanced diagnostics, and connected feedback. Maximum protection of the warfighter gives a distinct advantage over adversaries by providing an enhanced awareness of situational threats on the battle field. There is a need to further explore aspects of AM such as higher printing resolution and efficiency, with faster print times and higher performance, sensitivity and optimized fabrication to ensure that soldiers are more safe and lethal to win our nation’s wars and come home safely. A review and comparison of various 3DP techniques for sensor fabrication is presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1455
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics


  • 3D printing
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Diagnostics
  • Fabrication
  • Sensor technology


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