We present a theoretical study of the deformation of mesoporous solids during adsorption. The proposed thermodynamic model allows one to link the mechanical stress and strain to the solvation pressure exerted by the adsorbed molecules on the pore wall. Two approaches are employed for calculation of solvation pressure as a function of adsorbate pressure: the macroscopic Derjaguin-Broekhoff-de Boer theory of capillary condensation, and the microscopic density functional theory. We revealed that the macroscopic and microscopic theories are in quantitative agreement for the pores >8 nm diameter within the whole range of adsorbate pressures. For smaller pores, the macroscopic theory gradually deteriorates, and the density functional theory extends the thermodynamic model of adsorption-induced deformation to the nanometer scales.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces