Advances in the manufacturing types, and applications of biosensors

Nuggehali M. Ravidra, Camelia Prodan, Shanmugamurthy Fnu, Ivan Padronl, Sushil K. Sikha

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


In recent years, there have been significant technological advancements in the manufacturing, types, and applications of biosensors. Applications include clinical and non-clinical diagnostics for home, bio-defense, bio-remediation, environment, agriculture, and the food industry. Biosensors have progressed beyond the detection of biological threats such as anthrax and are finding use in a number of non-biological applications. Emerging biosensor technologies such as lab-on-a-chip have revolutionized the integration approaches for a very flexible, innovative, and user-firiendly platform. An overview of the fundamentals, types, applications, and manufacturers, as well as the market trends of biosensors is presented here. Two case studies are discussed: one focused on a characterization technique - patch clamping and dielectric spectroscopy as a biological sensor - and the other about lithium phthalocyanine, a material that is being developed for in-vivo oxymetry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-43
Number of pages7
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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