Amino acid based amphiphilic copolymer micelles as carriers of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: Solubilization, in vitro release and biological evaluation

Pranabesh Dutta, Joykrishna Dey, Venkatesan Perumal, Mahitosh Mandal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three novel amino acid based anionic amphiphilic copolymers poly(sodium N-acryloyl-l-valinate-co-alkylacrylamide) (where, alkyl = octyl and dodecyl) with either 9 or 16 mol% hydrophobic substitution were synthesized. These hydrophobically modified polyelectrolytes (HMPs), above a critical concentration, self-assemble in aqueous solution through inter-chain hydrophobic aggregation, forming micelle-like aggregates having hydrodynamic diameter in the range of 50-200 nm. The HMPs were found to undergo conformational changes with the change in solution pH, electrolyte and additive concentration, and temperature. The polymeric micelles were observed to be stable under biological conditions (pH 7.4, [NaCl] = 150 mM and temperature (37 °C)). The solubilization capacity of the polymeric micelles for six important non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs of different hydrophobicity was evaluated. Depending upon the hydrophobicity the solubilities of the drugs were observed to increase ca. 2-10 times in the presence of 1.0 g/L copolymers. The in vitro release kinetics of the loaded drug was studied under physiological pH. To explore their potential application in pharmaceutical industries hemocompatibility and cytotoxicity studies were carried out using hemolytic and MTT assay, respectively. The anionic HMPs were found to be not directly toxic to mammalian cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-216
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Volume407
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 4 2011
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmaceutical Science

Keywords

  • Cytotoxicity
  • Hemocompatibility
  • In vitro release
  • Polymeric micelles
  • Solubilization

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