An Exploratory Investigation of Social Vulnerability from the Building Resilience Perspective

Suman Paneru, Yanxiao Feng, Chen Xia, Yuqing Hu, Julian Wang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Communities and cities are becoming vulnerable due to climate change-induced disasters such as heat waves, flooding, landslides, and droughts. The severity and increased frequency of these extreme events have demanded a resilience plan in the major cities to combat extreme weather events, which requires a systematic community vulnerability assessment. However, the specific impact of extreme events such as high heat waves on community vulnerability has been difficult to measure due to the unpredictability of weather patterns and events. Further, compounding the effects of building and built environment characteristics, the social and behavioral characteristics of households can result in differing levels of vulnerability to extreme temperature events. Even though many studies have discussed social vulnerability based on community demographics, the compounding effect has not been fully explored. When it comes to thermal resilience against extreme weather events, socially vulnerable communities are more likely to be affected by extreme heat due to a lack of thermal-resilient houses. In this research, Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS-2 test) test was used to extend the relationship between building features data and the social vulnerability index of the city of Philadelphia. The outcome of this research strengthens our understanding of how social vulnerability and building resilience are correlated, also in the future to build community prototypes that integrate building features and social vulnerability to simulate community response against extreme weather events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSustainability, Resilience, Infrastructure Systems, and Materials Design in Construction
EditorsJennifer S. Shane, Katherine M. Madson, Yunjeong Mo, Cristina Poleacovschi, Roy E. Sturgill
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9780784485279
StatePublished - 2024
Externally publishedYes
EventConstruction Research Congress 2024, CRC 2024 - Des Moines, United States
Duration: Mar 20 2024Mar 23 2024

Publication series

NameConstruction Research Congress 2024, CRC 2024


ConferenceConstruction Research Congress 2024, CRC 2024
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityDes Moines

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction


  • Building Resilience
  • Data Analysis
  • Energy Sustainability
  • Social Vulnerability


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