An Introduction to Probabilistic Spiking Neural Networks: Probabilistic Models, Learning Rules, and Applications

Hyeryung Jang, Osvaldo Simeone, Brian Gardner, Andre Gruning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Spiking neural networks (SNNs) are distributed trainable systems whose computing elements, or neurons, are characterized by internal analog dynamics and by digital and sparse synaptic communications. The sparsity of the synaptic spiking inputs and the corresponding event-driven nature of neural processing can be leveraged by energy-efficient hardware implementations, which can offer significant energy reductions as compared to conventional artificial neural networks (ANNs). The design of training algorithms for SNNs, however, lags behind hardware implementations: most existing training algorithms for SNNs have been designed either for biological plausibility or through conversion from pretrained ANNs via rate encoding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8891810
Pages (from-to)64-77
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Signal Processing Magazine
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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