Analysis of electric current helicity in active regions on the basis of vector magnetograms

V. I. Abramenko, Tongjiang Wang, V. B. Yurchishin

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113 Scopus citations

Abstract

The problem of (dc) magnetic field energy build up in the solar atmosphere is addressed. Although large-scale current generation may be due to large-scale shearing motions in the photosphere, recently a new approach was proposed: under the assumption that the magnetic field evolves through a sequence of force-free states, Seehafer (1994) found that the energy of small-scale fluctuations may be transferred into energy of large-scale currents in an AR (the α-effect). The necessary condition for the α-effect is revealed by the presence of a predominant sign of current helieily over the volume under consideration. We studied how frequently such a condition may occur in ARs. On the basis of vector magnetic field measurements we calculated the current helicity Bz · (∇ × B)z in the photosphere over the whole AR area for 40 active regions and obtained the following results: (1) In 90% of cases there existed significant excess current helicity of some sign over the active region area. So one can suggest that the build up of large-scale currents in an active region due to small-scale fluctuations may be typical in ARs. (2) In 82.5% of cases, the excess current helicity in the northern (southern) hemisphere was negative (positive). The method proposed can be applied to those ARs where the determination of the predominant sign of current helicity by traditional visual inspection of Hα-patterns is not reliable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-89
Number of pages15
JournalSolar Physics
Volume168
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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