A time-distance helioseismic technique, similar to the one used by Ilonidis et al., is applied to two independent numerical models of subsurface sound-speed perturbations to determine the spatial resolution and accuracy of phase travel time shift measurements. The technique is also used to examine pre-emergence signatures of several active regions observed by the Michelson Doppler Imager and the Helioseismic Magnetic Imager. In the context of similar measurements of quiet-Sun regions, three of the five studied active regions show strong phase travel time shifts several hours prior to emergence. These results form the basis of a discussion of noise in the derived phase travel time maps and possible criteria to distinguish between true and false-positive detection of emerging flux.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science