Anomaly detection in additive manufacturing processes using supervised classification with imbalanced sensor data based on generative adversarial network

Jihoon Chung, Bo Shen, Zhenyu James Kong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Supervised classification methods have been widely utilized for the quality assurance of the advanced manufacturing process, such as additive manufacturing (AM) for anomaly (defects) detection. However, since abnormal states (with defects) occur much less frequently than normal ones (without defects) in a manufacturing process, the number of sensor data samples collected from a normal state is usually much more than that from an abnormal state. This issue causes imbalanced training data for classification analysis, thus deteriorating the performance of detecting abnormal states in the process. It is beneficial to generate effective artificial sample data for the abnormal states to make a more balanced training set. To achieve this goal, this paper proposes a novel data augmentation method based on a generative adversarial network (GAN) using additive manufacturing process image sensor data. The novelty of our approach is that a standard GAN and classifier are jointly optimized with techniques to stabilize the learning process of standard GAN. The diverse and high-quality generated samples provide balanced training data to the classifier. The iterative optimization between GAN and classifier provides the high-performance classifier. The effectiveness of the proposed method is validated by both open-source data and real-world case studies in polymer and metal AM processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Intelligent Manufacturing
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence

Keywords

  • Additive manufacturing (AM)
  • Anomaly detection
  • Generative adversarial network (GAN)
  • Imbalanced data
  • Supervised learning

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