Anterior and posterior left ventricular sarcomere lengths behave similarly during ejection

J. M. Guccione, W. G. O'Dell, A. D. McCulloch, W. C. Hunter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies of regional differences in myocardial deformation between the anterior and posterior walls of the canine left ventricle were based on strain, which is not an absolute measure of deformation. We thus compared sarcomere lengths at anterior and posterior sites during ejection in isolated dog hearts. Cineradiographic imaging of regional deformation with radiopaque markers implanted near the midwall in five hearts and just below the epicardium in six hearts, combined with postmortem histology, allowed sarcomere length reconstruction throughout the cardiac cycle. The amount of sarcomere shortening accompanying left ventricular ejection was similar in both walls of the left ventricle for sarcomeres located at epicardial and midwall sites. The mean sarcomere length (taken at the middle of the ejecting range) was also similar between the anterior and posterior sites when averaged over all hearts. The similarity of sarcomere function held not only at end systole but throughout ejection and over wide ranges of ventricular pre- and afterloads. Hence functional measurements of relative myocardial shortening may not be indicative of regional sarcomere length heterogeneity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H469-H477
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume272
Issue number1 41-1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Keywords

  • myocardium
  • strain
  • ventricular function

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