Application of the person-centered model to stress and well-being research: An investigation of profiles of employee well-being

Mark Somers, Dee Birnbaum, Jose Casal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate profiles of employee well-being using multiple components to better understand how well-being is experienced in organizations. Design/methodology/approach: A survey design with 579 health care workers in the USA was administered. Latent profile analysis (LPA) was used to identify well-being profile groups. Findings: Six well-being profile groups based on the relative levels of work stress, carry-over stress and job satisfaction were identified. Profile groups differed with respect to intention to remain in the organization and occupation, and job search behavior. Practical implications: Models of well-being at work have generated consistently disappointing results that have not enhanced the development of programs to increase well-being at work. By identifying patterns of well-being, this study offers insights into how well-being is experienced so that more targeted programs to promote it can be implemented. Originality/value: Although there is increased interest in the person-centered model in organizational research, it has not been applied to psychological well-being at work. This study represents an initial attempt to study configurations of well-being based on its components. Results indicate that distinct patterns of well-being are present, and those patterns are useful in gaining a greater understanding of how well-being is experienced and in how it can be more effectively managed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)649-661
Number of pages13
JournalEmployee Relations
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jun 6 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Industrial relations
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


  • Employee attitudes
  • Job satisfaction


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