Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate profiles of employee well-being using multiple components to better understand how well-being is experienced in organizations. Design/methodology/approach: A survey design with 579 health care workers in the USA was administered. Latent profile analysis (LPA) was used to identify well-being profile groups. Findings: Six well-being profile groups based on the relative levels of work stress, carry-over stress and job satisfaction were identified. Profile groups differed with respect to intention to remain in the organization and occupation, and job search behavior. Practical implications: Models of well-being at work have generated consistently disappointing results that have not enhanced the development of programs to increase well-being at work. By identifying patterns of well-being, this study offers insights into how well-being is experienced so that more targeted programs to promote it can be implemented. Originality/value: Although there is increased interest in the person-centered model in organizational research, it has not been applied to psychological well-being at work. This study represents an initial attempt to study configurations of well-being based on its components. Results indicate that distinct patterns of well-being are present, and those patterns are useful in gaining a greater understanding of how well-being is experienced and in how it can be more effectively managed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Industrial relations
- Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
- Employee attitudes
- Job satisfaction