Arbitrary Spike Time Dependent Plasticity (STDP) in memristor by analog waveform engineering

Neeraj Panwar, Bipin Rajendran, Udayan Ganguly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


In the literature, various pulse-based programming schemes have been used to mimic typical spike time-dependent plasticity (STDP)-based learning rule observed in biological synapses. In this letter, we demonstrate the capability to generated arbitrary STDP behaviors by using analog programming waveforms inspired by neuronal action potential. First, we propose a simple algorithm to generate any arbitrary form of STDP. Second, we show the feasibility of a range of spike correlation time scales for STDP, e.g., biological ( ∼100 ms) to accelerated (∼20μs), based on W/ r0.7Ca0.3MnO3/Pt based memristor. Third, we experimentally demonstrate several forms of STDP behaviors, where the pre- and post-neuronal waveforms are randomly spaced in time, akin to operational conditions. STDP shape corresponds well to waveforms. Thus, we show that artificial synapses can achieve the richness observed in biology as well as a range of STDP timescales for biologically compatible to accelerated neural network applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7904675
Pages (from-to)740-743
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Electron Device Letters
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • PCMO
  • RRAM.
  • exponential waveform


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