Asymmetry and frequencies of low-degree p-modes and the structure of the sun's core

T. Toutain, T. Appourchaux, C. Frohlich, A. G. Kosovichev, R. Nlgam, P. H. Scherrer

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53 Scopus citations


An accurate determination of the frequencies of low-degree solar p-modes is an important task of helioseismology. Using 679 days of solar oscillation data observed in Doppler velocity and continuum intensity from two Solar and Heliospheric Obsenatory instruments (the Michelson Doppler Imager and the SunPhotoMeter), we show that fitting the spectra with Lorentzian profiles leads to systematic differences between intensity and velocity frequencies as large as 0.1 /zHz for angular degrees / = 0, 1, and 2 because of the opposite asymmetry between intensity and velocity. We use a physics-based asymmetrical line shape to fit p-mode lines, and we demonstrate that their asymmetry is statistically significant and that frequency differences are considerably reduced. These measurements provide more accurate estimates of the solar eigenfrequencies. We discuss inferences of the structure of the solar core.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L147-L150
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2 PART II
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • Methods: data analysis
  • Sun: interior
  • Sun: oscillations


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