Atomic Force Microscopy-Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy (AFM-SECM) has evolved to be a powerful tool for simultaneous topographical-electrochemical measurements at local material surfaces with high spatial resolution. Such measurements are crucial for understanding structure-activity relationships relevant to a wide range of applications in material science, life science and chemical processes. AFM-SECM integrates classic SECM and AFM to achieve on-step acquisition of unparalleled high-spatial-resolution surface topology and nanoscale electrochemical images and holds promising potential to unveil fundamental interfacial properties or activity at nanoscale. Despite the rapid development of AFM-SECM, its unique principles, capabilities, and applications have not been sufficiently understood and utilized. The present review provides a short critical overview of the evolution of AFM-SECM, the major principles and operation modes as well as the AFM-SECM probe designs. The current applications of AFM-SECM in materials, biological and chemical sciences are critically discussed to highlight the remaining challenges of the AFM-SECM and perspectives on its further development.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Atomic force microscopy
- Electrochemical characterization
- Scanning electrochemical microscopy