Backwashing conditions of novel bio-amended sands and its enhanced filtration efficiency

Dongmei Li, Jieman Lin, Yizhi Wang, Wen Zhang, Shaoxiu Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Novel amended sands enveloped in bio-film (B-NAS) were employed to treat the ammonium-nitrogen (NH4 +-N) in raw water. The backwashing conditions, treatment efficiency, and morphological characteristics of the B-NAS were investigated via bio-filtration experiments. The bare quartz sands (BQS) and NAS exhibited biomass levels of 24.32 nmol-P g-sand -1 and 83.71 nmol-P g-sand−1, respectively. B-NAS was most effective when air alone (at a strength of qair,I = 7 L s−1 m−2 for tair,I = 6 min), a combination of air–water (at strengths of qair,II = 7 L s−1 m−2 and qwater,II = 5 L s−1 m−2 for tair-water,II = 6 min), and water alone (at a strength of qwater,III = 7 L s−1 m−2 for twater,III = 4 min) were employed alternately for flushing. The proposed B-NAS with nano-pores surface effectively (1) resisted the shock produced by high NH4 +-N concentrations (4 mg L−1), (2) exhibited removal rate of 96%, and (3) a high capturing capacity indicated by a high head loss (126.5 cm) for 72 hr.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)492-499
Number of pages8
JournalToxicological and Environmental Chemistry
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Mar 4 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


  • Ammonia-nitrogen
  • backwashing condition optimization
  • bio-amended sands
  • bio-bare quartz sands
  • filtration efficiency
  • morphological characteristics


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