Matched-field processing is applied to source localization and detection of sound sources in the ocean. The source spectrum is included in the set of unknown parameters and is estimated in the localization/detection process. Bayesian broadband (multi-tonal) incoherent and coherent processors are developed, integrating the source spectrum estimation using a Gibbs sampler and are first evaluated in source localization via point estimates and probability density functions obtained from synthetic signals. The coherent performance is superior to the incoherent one both in terms of source location estimates and density spread. The two processors are also applied to real data from the Hudson Canyon experiment. Subsequently, using Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves, the two processors are evaluated and compared in the task of joint detection and localization. The coherent detector/localization processor is superior to the incoherent one, especially as the number of frequencies increases. Joint detection and localization performance is evaluated with Localization-ROC curves.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics