Bio-inspired onboard membrane separation of water from engine oil

Li Yang, Atsawin Thongsukmak, Kamalesh K. Sirkar, Kenneth B. Gross, Gregory Mordukhovich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

In colder environment, atmospheric moisture as well as water produced by gasoline engine combustion condense in the engine oil and introduce a significant amount of water. This water affects the engine oil performance. Hollow fiber membrane-based artificial kidney successfully removes waste metabolites from human blood. A similar hollow fiber membrane based device has been studied here for the removal of emulsified water in engine oil. The oil containing emulsified water flows on one side of the hollow fiber membrane; air flowing on the other side strips the moisture from the oil through a hydrogel membrane present in the hollow fiber membrane wall. Of the four types of hemodialysis membranes studied, regenerated cellulose-based hollow fiber membranes were found to be most suitable over the temperature range studied, -10°C to 80°C. All studies were conducted with SAE 5W30 motor oil containing emulsified water at the level of 1-4%. Batch recirculation studies demonstrated 90%+ removal of emulsified water in parallel flow modules containing 300 regenerated cellulose (RC) capillaries having a surface area of 150cm2. Studies were successfully carried out over a range of temperatures, oil flow rates, water content and oil temperature ramping with the oil flowing through the bore of hollow fiber membranes and air flowing outside. The water-removal capabilities of such modules decreased slowly on repeated dewatering tests over 7-8 days due to membrane fouling by the emulsion; the membrane fouling was also prevalent at the hollow fiber tube sheet. A cross flow hollow fiber device built with the engine oil flowing outside the fibers in cross flow demonstrated no such membrane fouling on repeated use. A mathematical model was developed to extract water mass transfer coefficient from the experimental data. The water mass transfer resistance in the oil film was found to be important. The cross flow device decreased this resistance substantially suggesting that a small membrane module should be able to remove moisture effectively in an automobile.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)138-148
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume378
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

Keywords

  • Cross flow and parallel flow devices
  • Emulsified water in oil
  • Engine oil treatment
  • Hydrogel hollow fiber membrane
  • Sweep air flow

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