Bioluminescence Sensors for Environmental Monitoring

Geetha Palani, Karthik Kannan, Venkatesan Perumal, Arputha Latha Leo, Poobana Dharmalingam

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Environmental monitoring describes the activities and processes which need to take place to monitor and characterize the environment quality. By influent toxicity biological wastewater treatment plants can be adversely affected. For biolog-ically monitoring the environment, bioluminescent analysis is one of the most promising methods because the luminescent system is highly sensitive to even micro quantities of pollutants. Fundamental to these processes is the concept of bioavail-ability and bioaccessibility of these pollutants at a suitable and relevant scale. Envi-ronmental analyses are still based on chemical approaches that usually require an exhaustive extraction step before to chromatographic analysis. It is widely acknowl-edged that modeled values may be appropriate for human risk assessment but yield little information for hazard assessment in a wider ecological or environmental context. Many authors have demonstrated that chemical analysis alone does not provide information regarding the bioavailable fraction of compounds nor about their effects on selected biological receptors. Nano-biosensor-based biological assays can complement chemical analysis by considering the effects of all pollutants, including those not detected by chemical analysis or those unable to be fitted in a model. Some bioassays are suitable for biotesting of air, the chemical substances, soil, and water used in everyday life. This chapter aims to highlight the experimental and funda-mentals insights and to emphasize next-generation luminescent nano-biosensors the yet-to-be-reached potential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNanobiosensors for Environmental Monitoring
Subtitle of host publicationFundamentals and Application
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9783031161063
ISBN (Print)9783031161056
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Environmental Science
  • General Chemistry


  • Bioluminescence
  • Environmental monitoring
  • Nano-biosensor
  • Pollution
  • Wastewater treatment


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